This section of the book should be helpful to most readers includingthose who have the booklet 10 Packs for Survival.
Inmost cases I try to list an address, telephone number an Internet website URL(URL means an Internet address, usually preceded by a www).
BE SELF RELIANT.COM—
EMERGENCYESSENTIALS—Largest of the Utah-based full service preparedness productsstores. 653 N 1500 W, Orem, UT. 84057 Tel:(801) 222-9596. URL: www.beprepared.com Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
ProvidentLiving—Excellent online shopping for some of the best prices on all thebasics of storage foods. They also sell 72 hour kits and specialtypreparedness equipment. 729 W 350 S, Orem, UT 84058.Tel: (800) 723-0635. URL: http://www.providentlivingcenter.com
MAJOR SURPLUS AND SURVIVAL—
Andair(or LUWA) VA-150—Swiss nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) filter.High quality but super expensive (about $6,000). Note:This filter mounts inside the shelter so we recommend installing a
HDT Global—MakesNBC filters for the military. We recommend the M48A1 for up to 100
Safe Cell—NBCfilter for about $3,900 from multiple sources: http://store.survivalcenter.com,http://www.americanbombshelter.com, http://www.safecastle.com
Honeywell CPZ filters—Fora cheaper, non-military-grade option, we recommend using a round Honeywell CPZfilter (part # 36200) that will nest within a 99.97% Hepafilter (# 28600) for an excellent quality dual filter for about $250. These canbe purchased as replacement parts from http://www.ontimedirect.com (wholesalerfor Honeywell). Although most shelters won’t need the 300 cfmcapacity of the taller filters, we still recommend them over the 6” tallfilters (if you have room) since the bigger area will last longer. Be sure topurchase these with the carbon prefilter (part #38002). Prefilter should be replaced when the airflowstarts to become restricted. Honeywell recommends replacing carbon filter after3 months of continual use. If airflow is still restricted replace the
CO2 Monitor—Sensorand alarm if carbon dioxide from occupant breathing gets too high. Each breathonly uses 25% of the oxygen in the air, but elevated CO2 will cause problemsbefore you run out of oxygen. Most carbon dioxide sensors are too expensive forcommon use ($300 to $1,200) but may be worth it for some people. Available frommany online distributors includinghttp://www.professionalequipment.com/carbon-dioxide-gas-detectors
Whole-HouseHypo-Allergenic Filter System—The CVI-series
12 Volt Fans—ITTJabsco model 35115-0020. Best all-around 12 voltventilation fan is the DAYTON brand 12 volt fan from WW Grainger Stock # 2C646.About $75, 175 CFM and fairly quiet. What makes thesefans convenient is their 3” flange which allows you to easily attach it to thevent pipe shown in the shelter designs. The stock number for the 115 voltversion is Item # 2C647. Use the 110 volt fan during non-emergency times tokeep the air in the shelter fresh.
EXCALIBUR—Toprated dehydrator with large, square trays for easier cleaning.
Small Refrigerators—Kenmore,Whirlpool and Frigidaire brands have 15 cubic foot conventional fridges thatare very efficient—using less than 1.0 kWh/day or $65 to $78/year.
Sun Frost—Efficient,quality fridges in 12 or 24 volt DC, or 110 or 220 volts AC. Prices: Full size($3,500) uses less than 1kwh/day, Medium ($3,300) less than 0.75
SunDanzer—Top-loadrefrigerators and freezers. Very efficient units.Made for applications with solar power like sailboats.URL: http://www.sundanzer.com and available from several appliance shops onlinelike http://www.buyenergyefficient.org
NovaKool—DC and AC/DC small and medium refrigerators for marine, RV andtruck use. Good, durable, units but lacking in thick insulation (becausedesigned for small spaces). $1,200 to $2,000 depending onsize. Available at many RV wholesalers. 1578Hartley Avenue, Coquitlam, BC V3K 7A1 (Canada). Tel: (604) 523-6515. URL:http://www.novakool.com
Koolatron—Portable12v coolers use non-compressor technology (4 amp).
Igloo and Coleman—alsohave portable electric coolers or heaters. Place cooler on its side to operatelike a small fridge. Available at outdoors stores or retailers like Amazon.com
Norcold—Designedfor RVs, these will operate on propane, DC or AC power. Insulation is thin andneeds electric power for lights and thermostat even when running on gas. URL:www.norcold.com
DometicRGE 400—8 cubic foot propane fridge (same as Servelbrand from Sweden) for about $1,500. Can also buythese with 120 volt backup power, or in natural gas or kerosene. Gasunits are completely self-sustaining (D-battery required for light). Many RVsuppliers distribute this product. URL: www.dometic.com
DIY SOLARREFRIGERATION/COOLING—Several projects online show methods forcooling systems with basic materials such as earthen pots(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zeer) or with more advanced materials likeammonia gas it is possible to make a solar ice-maker(http://tinyurl.com/8yh8ngh).
SPEED QUEEN—Reliable, front-loadingwashers. Same brand as used in many Laundromats. Moderatelyenergy efficient. At 3.0 cubic ft loads are smaller. Look for units with1000 rpm spin speeds to help reduce drying time.
FISHER PAYKEL—This lesser knownbrand produces efficient washers with fast spin cycles (1100 rpm) to getclothes almost dry. Lots of automatic controls including water level andrebalancing sensors have caused users problems. Very energyand water efficient.
ASKO—The best of the current models.Swedish import and top of the line Euro appliance. High priced. URL:http://www.askousa.com/
STABER—Washersuse less than 200 watts per load and recommended for solar applications.
MANUAL HAND WASHING—Requires agitatingthe clothes in soapy water and then agitate in rinse water. Wringers help getmore water out for faster drying. Look for metal basins that can warm the wateron a stovetop or black basins to heat in the sunshine.
HAND AGITATORS—Some people just usetoilet plungers with a hole or two in the side to help aerate/mix the waterduring agitation. The $20 RAPID LAUNDRY WASHER is similar but is better atmoving water through clothes. Buy at Lehman’s or www.getpreparedstuff.com
WASHBOARDS—Good for scrubbing stains out of clothes.Lehman’s has a glass board that is reported to be easier on clothes and doesn’twear out as fast ($33).
WRINGERS—Quality on these matters.Lehman’s reportedly doesn’t last long and rusts. Look for one that will alsomount to curved edges (tubs, barrels, etc.). Dyna Jethas good hand-crank wringers Tel: 913-381-6779URL: http://www.dynajet.com Also look for chamois wringers ($160) at autosupply stores.
JAMES HAND WASHER—This is a singleunit with a tub/hand agitator and wringer on the side. It is costly at over$500 and reviewers say it is not durable. Look for the old-fashioned handwashers at antique stores. You can buy the James washer through Lehman'scatalog or call the manufacturer, Lake City Industries at (814) 774-9616.
MEAN GREAN WASHING MACHINE—A barrelmounted with a hand agitator and solid wringer. $230 from
LAUNDRY DETERGENT—You can make your own laundry soap bygrating a bar of Fels-Naptha (brand) or
Note: be careful storing scented laundry products, soaps, chemicalsor fuels in the same room as food and grains (unless they are both in sealedmetal cans). The fragrance or smells can traverse plastic containers (includingsealed 5 gallon buckets) and change the flavor of the food inside.
Family Grain Mill—
Nutrimill—Wheatgrinder from Everythingkitchens.com, Emergency Essentials or
Golden Grain Grinder—
Country Living GrainMill—Manual wheat grinder with V-groove wheel for quick and easyconversion to electric motor. Cast-iron flywheel for easyturning and smooth flow of flour. 30% less torque or energy required to turnthan any comparable hand mill on the market. Does not grindflour as finely as electric grinders. Available fromsellers above.
Back to Basics HandGrain Mill—This is an economical, compact unitbut with limitations. Relatively slow grinding, especially for fine flour.Consider the options above first.
6 volt Golf CartBatteries—Cheapest option. About200 amp hours ($100-$150 each). Battery lifespan is 2 to 5 yearsdepending on maintenance and temperature of storage. Available at most auto partsstores and some large retailers like Sam’s Club.
Trojan—L-16and L-16H batteries are 6volt, 400 amp-hours. Good, moderately pricedbatteries. Decent lifespan up to 5 years.
Surrette or Rolls—Heavy-duty,6 volt, 400 amp-hours, deep cycle batteries for Solar Systems.
AGM—Absorbed Glass Matt batteries are sealed fornon-ventilated or living areas. Recommended over sealed gelbatteries. Heavy duty, high amperage deliverycapacities without ruining battery. Prominent brands are Optima orLifeline (http://www.lifelinebatteries.com). Check with Abraham Solar or otherdistributor sites listed above.
Battery Web—Seethis webpage for a rundown on battery maintenance technology. We do notrecommend trickle chargers as they keep a constant, low charge across thebattery and they will overcharge and eventually ruin the battery by boiling itdry. Look for a battery float charger or “battery maintainer” which turns onand off as needed to maintain the optimal voltage. Sulfationof the lead plates occurs on all batteries over time. There are technologiesthat keep batteries from sulfating and can even remove sulfationonce it occurs. URL: http://www.batteryweb.com
SchumacherSE-1125—Automatic battery charger and maintainer.
DSRPS-1562A—Battery charger/maintainer ($55). Also consider DSRPSC-15AOB for maintaining car batteries that are sitting for long periods($56). Available from Grainger or other auto part stores.
Power Pulse—12,24, 36 and 48 volt units provide electronic pulse that breaks down sulfurcrystals that build up on batteries, often revitalizing poor performingbatteries. Available at specialty battery sites such as:http://www.impactbattery.com
VANNER—VoltmasterBattery Equalizer 60-50A. Use for combining 12 volt batteries and a 24volt battery system. Available through Abraham Solar or see distributors listedon the Vanner website. URL: http://www.vanner.com
Battery Watering—Systemfor maintaining water levels in battery banks. PO Box 696, Lewisville, NC27023. Tel: (877) 522-5431. URL: http://www.batterywatering.com
Flow-rite—Automaticbattery watering products. 960 74th Street S.W., Byron Center, MI 49315.Tel: (616) 583-1700. URL: http://www.flow-rite.com/
SUNFORCE—5-watt solar battery tricklecharger. Small portable batterytrickle charger from Radio Shack. Catalog #55038529 URL:http://www.radioshack.com
CRANE 11-in-1—Solar battery charger for D,C, AA, AAA and other small NiMH or
PALS SYSTEM—The very best inextreme cold weather clothing. Available in economical kits or ready-made suits(you add the outer shell by buying high quality Gore-Tex(brand)outerwear. contact: Safe Harbor Alliance in Utah at (801) 503-0322. They alsohave a complete series of preparedness training videos on the clothing systemand all other aspects of survival. Excellent. JimPhillip's website is http://www.safeharboralliance.com/
GENERAL INFORMATION—Now available at all home buildingstores. We recommend fiber cement board for fire hazard areas (see“Construction: Fire Retardant Finishes”)
VERANDA DECKING—Expensive, but attractivedecking from composite materials. Available at HomeDepot stores. Website: http://www.verandadeck.com
ESPS PLASTIC LUMBER—Also called"Bear Board." Can be more expensive than Veranda.Tel: (800) 480-2327. URL: http://epsplasticlumber.com
GENERAL INFORMATION—Methods for constructing a concrete homeare described here: http://www.cement.org/homes/ch_buildsys.asp
THERMOMASS RESIDENTIAL BUILDING SYSTEMS—Thebest residential system in the world. It uses a thermal sandwich of foam inbetween two concrete precast surfaces. Has heat mass characteristics, rodentscannot get into the foam layer, bullet-proof, and the best sound-proofingavailable. 1999 Highview Rd. Coralville, IA 52241Tel: (319) 351-4232 URL: www.thermomass.com
KISTNER CONCRETE PRODUCTS—Prefab security buildings andprecast basement foundations. They also have very innovative retaining wallsystems with planting areas. 8713 Read Road East Pembroke, NY 14056. Tel: (716)762-8216 URL: www.kistner.com
HOLLOW CORE CONCRETE SLABS—For useas flooring or roofing systems. Heat or cooling air can be ducted throughhollow spaces. FLEXICORE brand slabs is one optionavailable in multiple states. Check with commercial concrete contractors inmajor cities. Example URLs: http://www.flexicoreoftexas.com/ andhttp://www.pittsburghflexicore.com
FROST PROTECTED SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS (FPSF)—Protect fromfrost heave without excavating below the frost line with these buildingrecommendations. Website with more information including CAD details go towww.toolbase.org and search for “frost protected shallow foundations” or usethis quick link: http://tinyurl.com/6a9fr9
THE NATURAL HOME SOURCE—Thesedesigners and builders have the most experience in heat mass - passive solarhomes. Their system is applicable to most areas of the country, but especiallythe West. I don't agree with all their techniques or their pricing commissions,but you can learn a lot from their information and implement what you want onyour own. They cover waste treatment systems, earth sheltered homes andbuildings, solar air heating systems, composting system components, indoorgardening and attached greenhouses. 186 County Road 1400,Silverthorne, CO 80498. Tel: (970) 262-6727. URL: http://www.thenaturalhome.com/
INSULATED CONCRETE FORM—ICF construction is one of our mostrecommended construction methods because of strength, insulation and ease ofuse. This construction method is commonplace enough that there are manymanufacturers and installers throughout the country. See below for someexamples. The Portland Cement Association (PCA) has a book on building with ICFand a 5-part video series on the topic. 5420 Old Orchard Rd., Skokie, IL 60077.Website: http://www.cement.org/homes/ch_bs_icf.asp
ARXX—Foam block system that allowsan 8" wide, full-width concrete wall. Tel: (800) 293-3210.
SMARTBLOCK—Variable width form onlyup to 8". Pre formed blocks with integral ties. Plastic ties are builtinto foam, recessed 3/4" from outside which may make it harder forattaching drywall and siding. Often available at Home Depotstores. URL: http://www.smartblock.com/
LITEFORM—Foam form pieces for assembly or already assembled.Pieces are easier to ship and store but construction takes longer. You can buywholesale direct from the factory and possibly save money. Headquartersat 1210 Steuben St., Sioux City, IA 51105. Tel: (712) 252-3704 or (800) 551-3313.URL: http://www.liteform.com/
QUAD-LOCK—Foam forms for assembly. They also have insulateddecking for floors and ceilings. Quad-Lock Building Systems Ltd. 7398 132ndStreet Surrey, B.C. V3W 4M7 Canada. Tel: (888) 711-LOCK or (604) 590-3111. URL:www.quadlock.com
GENERAL INFORMATION—This exteriorfinish system consists of synthetic stucco applied over insulation board, whichis then installed over sheathing. These systems have been particularly used incommercial applications. There are many EIFS manufacturers and distributorsincluding: senergy, surewall,finestone, sto corp.Several years ago EIFS systems received bad press from homeowners complainingthat these systems were falling apart. Moisture had penetrated the wall and thesheathing and structural members were rotting. Modern systems now allowmoisture that gets behind the stucco to drain harmlessly to the outside.
DRYVIT—Provider for stucco and concreteproducts with distributors around the country. DryvitSystems, Inc. One Energy Way, P.O. Box 1014 West Warwick, RI 02893. Tel: (800)556-7752. URL: dryvit.com
PLEKO—Dryvitalternative with cheaper prices. URL: www.pleko.com
RETARDANT SPRAYS—The followingthree manufacturers produce a fire-retardant spray for shingles, wood siding andalmost everything else including cardboard. Water-based,non-toxic.
FLAME SEAL PRODUCTS INC.—15200 West Drive,Houston, Texas, 77053. Tel: (713) 668 4291. URL: www.flameseal.com
GEOBOND—Invented by Patricia Billings, this cement additiveproduces a fireproof cement or plaster that is vastly superior to type XXsheetrock (which merely sloughs off during a fire). It comes in panels as wellas a stucco-like exterior coating and can be used in combination with manyother materials. URL: http://www.geobond.net (website and phone numbersinactive). Truly an amazing family of products, but it looks like it was not acommercial success and may not be available now.
REFLECTIX—One of the latestinnovations is bubble poly blankets with foil on front and back. It is greatfor molding into window jambs, stapling to attic rafters or to cover existingattic insulation to reflect summer heat out and winter heat in. Several brandsbesides this one are sold at home improvement stores and Amazon.com. URL:http://www.reflectixinc.com
FIBER CEMENT PRODUCTS—
PLYCEM—This is fiber cement mixedwith recycled material which has higher densities than all other sheathings.P.O. Box 1893, Ventura, CA USA 93002. Tel: (800) 672-7872 URL:http://www.plycemtrim.com
HARDIE PRODUCTS—Non-combustible fibercement siding and trim products. Mold and mildew
MIRATEC—Trim from a composite with only a Class C fireRating but with the same moisture and bug resistance as fiber cement. Ok formoderate fire danger. URL: http://www.miratectrim.com
MINERAL WOOL INSULATION—Sometimescalled “rock wool” insulation. R-values per inch are better than fiberglass in
GENERAL INFORMATION—There are hundreds of log home kit companies.However, it has been my experience that log home suppliers in the eastern USare almost double the price of western log home suppliers. Call for pricecomparisons. It may be cheaper to ship log kits from the west than buy in theeast.
TIMBERLINE LOG HOMES—This is thecompany we use as a reference for a fair price. Check your prices locally andthen give the same specs to this company to see how they compare. We have shippedfrom Timberline to the East Coast before and saved money. 915 N. State St.Orem, UT 84058. Tel: (801) 226-8786. URL: http://www.timberlineloghomes.net
INTERNATIONAL HOMES OF CEDAR—Theseare laminated cedar homes. P.O. Box 886, Woodinville, WA 98072. Tel: (360) 668-8511or (800) 767-7674. URL: http://www.ihoc.com
REAL LOG HOMES—Distributors in moststates. Compare prices with other outfits. Tel: (800) 732-5564. URL:http://www.realloghomes.com/
LOG HOME BUILDERS ASSOCIATION—Thisorganization helps instruct people how to build a log home as a Do-it-Yourself projectand save significant costs by circumventing the kit builders. We have notattended their seminars but their building method seems sound, and many peoplehave built a cabin with their help. They recommend whole logs with simplecorner joints (butt and pass) and tying the posts together with rebar lengthsto eliminate settling from wood shrinkage while resisting earthquake and windforces. Some find this method less aesthetically pleasing than some of the designercabins out there. See their website for classes, forums and furtherinformation. 14241 NE Woodinville-Duvall Rd #335, Woodinville, WA 98072. Tel:(360) 794-4469. URL: http://www.loghomebuilders.org/
GENERAL INFORMATION—Modular homes can be a quick homesolution. There are many options available today beyond rectangular,single-story homes. Also consider reusing steel shipping containers (insulatedreefers) for quick, drop-in storage. List of modular home providers by state:http://www.modulartoday.com/modular-directory.html
EXCEL HOMES—Probably the mostadvanced type of modular homes available. A great deal of customization ispossible. Not your normal modular tract homes. 10642 S.Susquehanna Trail Liverpool, PA 17045. Tel: (800) 521-8599. URL:http://www.excelhomes.com
STORAGE SHIPPING CONTAINERS—Alsocalled “insulated reefers.” 20' storage containers cost $2 - 3,000 plusshipping. There are many outlets across the nation for these containers.Consider http://www.containersales.com and ebay.
GENERAL NOTES—Factory-made wall systems that replace typicalwood wall framing. Typical panels are sheets of insulation with plywood gluedto both sides. EPS (extruded polystyrene) foam is cheaper than polyurethane buthas a slightly lower R-value and has to be glued to OSB panels because of itscorrosive nature.
R-CONTROL—Structural Building Panels forwalls, floors and ceilings. AFM Corporation 24000 West Highway 7, P.O.Box 246 Excelsior, MN 55331. Tel: (800) 255-0176 or (612) 474-0809. URL:http://www.r-control.com/
RAYCORE—The most versatile system.Standard panels have studs in them so they can be cut to varied sizes. Panelshave a polyurethane core and reflective foil. URL: http://www.raycore.com
INSULSPAN—Pre-manufactured wall systemwith an EPS (extruded polystyrene system) core. URL:http://www.insulspan.com/
THERMOCORE—Pre-manufactured system with polyurethane core.URL: http://www.thermocore.com
NOTE—Conventional stucco can be more moisture resistant andcheaper than other sidings
QUIKRETE® STUCCO SYSTEM—Fiberglass-Reinforced Stucco canreinforce a wall and acts as a drainage medium. Great siding system thoughusually applied with a conventional stucco topcoat. This system can be used forthe concrete stack-block method. URL: www.quikrete.com
TIROLESSA STUCCO SPRAYER—Can beused for applying plaster and small scale shotcrete.Eugene, OR. Tel: (541) 683-4167 URL: http://www.mortarsprayer.com
GENERAL INFORMATION—All of thefollowing companies have been in business over 20 years, so they know what theyare doing.
DAVIS CAVES CONSTRUCTION
Most products use hydraulic cement which is too rigid. For abetter job, fill the crack on the inside using a tough, but flexibleprofessional-grade sealant. Several options including Sikaflexare usually available at most home improvement and hardware stores.
GENERAL INFORMATION—Cupolas are great for roof ventilationand architectural decoration that used to be common on top of traditionalstyled roofs and barns.
STEPHENSON CUPOLAS AND WEATHERVANES—Several Manufacturersincluding C. W. Ohio, Inc. Tel: (440) 593-5800. URL: www.cwohio.com
EDON FIBERGLASS CUPOLAS—Indestructible vents that never needmaintenance. Tel: (800) 255-0176. URL: www.edon.com
DECKING—See “Steel Decking” or “Construction: CompositePlastic Decking.”
DOORS—See “Security: Steel Doors.”
ELECTRIC VEHICLES—See “Transportation: Electric Bike” and“Transportation: Electric Vehicle Conversions.”
LIFT-AVATOR—Elevators and lifts for residential homes. 435Park Ave, Lockport, NY 14094. Tel: (716) 434-1300. URL:http://www.liftavator.com
NATION-WIDE LIFTS—Distributor for many of the most commonresidential elevators and stair lifts. Tel: (888) 323-8755. URL:http://www.home-elevator.net/
ASE30A—Smoke Hood with built-in filter.Bulky and more expensive ($76-$85) than Smoke Hood but is complete as a singleunit. Available from multiple sources including http://www.safehomeproducts.com
Paint GradeRespirators—These dual filter masks used bycommercial painters are the least expensive way to get chemical and smokeprotection—about $30-$40 from Home Depot or Lowes.
M95—Dust masks for keeping radioactive particles out oflungs after a nuclear disaster. Available from homeimprovement stores. Store in cars and in all 72-hour kits.
Note: Kaptair Exitairis no longer being produced although a few outlets still sell this productonline.
MAG-SAFE AMMO: Special penetrating shotgun type ammo forauto weapons. Awesome and deadly stuff. URL: http://www.magsafeonline.com/
SILENT .22 AMMO—CCI brand CB CAPcartridges. Available at most gun shops.
SPOTTING SCOPES, TELESCOPES—For agreat place to buy binoculars, spotting scopes, telescopes, and accessories,try Eagle Optics. Tel: (800) 289-1132. URL: www.eagleoptics.com
TRITICON—Glowing night sights from Armson.Tel: (207) 797-8200. URL: http://www.armsonusa.com/
SOUNDPROOFING FOAM—For shootingranges. See “Soundproofing.”
HEARING AMPLIFICATION MUFFS—Thesespecialty ear muffs will not only amplify small sounds, but they will attenuateloud sounds so that everything comes within your hearing comfort range. Theseare a must for combat shooting when you want ear protection but not so much asto keep you from detecting intrusions. Several brandsavailable including Pro-Ears, Silencio and
MILITEC-1—Dry lube for weapons URL: http://www.militec1.com/
BOWIE KNIFE: Western Cutlery 9-1/2" blade Available atlocal knife shops that carry Western Cutlery products.
MAG-NA-PORT ARMS—Recoil reduction mod to weapons.
WILLIAMS TRIGGER SPECIALTIES—Smooth triggermods. 111 SE Second Street,Atwood, IL 61913, Tel: (217)578-3026. URL: http://www.williamstriggers.com/
DILLON RELOADING PRESS—Best of the progressive reloadingpresses. Tel: (800) 762-3845. URL: http://www.dillonprecision.com/
FIREPROOFING—See “Construction: Fire Retardant Finishes.”
General Notes:Best buys in food storage are in bulk dried grains: Wheat, rice, and beans. Dueto the shipping weight of bulk foods for storage, it may be better to buy theseitems close to home. However many bulk wholesalers like Emergency Essentialshave found a way to get very cheap shipping rates. You can buy large bags ofbeans and rice at wholesale warehouses like Costco and Sam’s Clubs nationwide.You can buy bulk wheat in many locations in the West, as indicated below.
In the Midwest few grain growers bag any wheat for consumersand almost everything grown now is GMO—genetically modified, which you shouldnot eat. The best bet for people in the Midwest is to join together with a fewother families and buy grain from an organic non-GMO grower. Load up yourpickup truck with grain, and then package it yourself in plastic 6 gallonbuckets. Many farmers in the Midwest and Canada have small grain cleaners thatcan take out the dust and other particles from field grain. Add a spoonful ofdiatomaceous earth per bucket of grain to kill any bugs.
EmergencyEssentials—Good variety and fairly competitive prices on food goods andpreparedness items of all kinds. Maximum shipping charge is $12 nomatter how large the order. Order online or via catalog. Tel: (800) 999-1863URL: http://beprepared.com
AlpineFood Storage—Small outfit in Utah that can ship within the US.Best prices on the most important storage food items but focuses on those thatare healthy and for everyday use. 11800 North 6000 West,Highland, UT 84003. Tel: (801) 319-9111. URL:http://www.alpinefoodstorage.com
ShelfReliance—Competitive Utah-based full-service preparedness products.810 North 2800 West Lindon, Utah 84042. Tel: (877)743-5373. URL: www.shelfreliance.com They also have aCanadian outlet. Email: email@example.com
ProvidentLiving—Excellent online shopping for some of the best prices on all thebasics of storage foods. They also sell 72 hour kits and specialtypreparedness equipment. 729 W 350 S, Orem, UT 84058.Tel: (800) 723-0635. URL: http://www.providentlivingcenter.com
Nitro-Pak—Carriesa full line of survival foods and products. 375 W 910 S,Heber City, UT 84032. Tel: (800) 866-4876. URL: http://www.nitro-pak.com
Montana Chemical FreeWheat—Certified organic wheat, grains and other products. URL:http://www.mtmarketplace.com
LehiRoller Mills—Triple-cleaned hard or soft wheat.
Moistureand Oxygen Absorbers—Preservative aid for dry packing.
Storage Buckets—RopakWest, Tel: (800) 547-2347. Also available from EmergencyEssentials or Alpine Food Storage (see above).
JARBOX—Mason jar storage bins. This innovative product is a clamshell-likeplastic box that stores 12 jars with enough space between them they will notbump and break during travel, an earthquake or even when dropped while carrying.Multiple bins lock together for easy, sturdy stacking. $16per set. Available direct from the inventor.URL: http://www.jarbox.com
Kerosene— Ideal for lamps or stoves because it stores well. Note: do notadd alcohol to make it burn hotter.
Stabil—Gasolinestabilizer found at Pep Boys and other auto parts stores.
PRI—PRI-D (for diesel) and PRI G (gasoline)—
Octane Booster—Givesmuch better mileage on cars where timing is computer controlled (most moderncars) to create maximum compression just short of knocking. It can be found atauto parts stores but is cheapest at Wal-Mart. This additive also helpsrejuvenate old gasoline (although you should always mix old with new ifavailable), so keep several bottles near fuel storage. Also keep fuel injectorcleaners on hand to eliminate residues from old fuel.
DieselBiocide—Racor or BioborJF brands. When condensation forms in part-full tanks the water dripsinto the diesel and settles to the bottom eventually accumulating enough togrowing algae and other solid organic matter in the water. These products are akind of pesticide or chemical treatment to kill or reduce these organisms.
FuelTanks—Available in all major cities. See Yellow Pages or checkwith local petroleum distributors.
FuelPumps—Available from online stores such as Northern Tool(http://www.northerntool.com).
GATES—See “Security: Gate Openers”
General Notes—Becauseof shipping weight, the heavier generators are sometimes best purchased fromlocal generator dealers (see Yellow Pages). However, always compare price withone of the major mail-order generator supply houses. W.W. Grainger and NorthernTool will supply a wide variety of the cheaper or discontinued generator lines.Also, http://www.electricgeneratorsdirect.com has most units mentioned here.For the best prices on the high quality units compare to NorwallPower Systems (see below).
Norwall Power Systems—
Central Maine Diesel—
Mini Portable Units—Small,suitcase-size generators are available that produce less than 2000 watts, aresuper quiet and very fuel-efficient:
Honeywell6064—800W generator for about $350. Cheap,light, economical. Noisier and less reliable thanbrands below.
Yamaha EF1000—Itis only 1kW but it is very fuel efficient and quiet and runs all day on agallon of gas. Costs double the Generac brand (seebelow).
Honda EU1000i—900Whigh tech wonder from Honda, but it is also the mostcostly for its size. The special inverter gives excellent sine wave power butmay be a high tech problem to maintain.
Honda Deluxe Series—Hondais one of those companies with a high quality line and a medium quality line.The deluxe models usually have added features.
Generac EXL Series—
Kubota AV Series—Excellentmachines (Kubota always builds nice engines). See also Kubota
Generac and Winco—Arecheaper brands.
Manual and AutoTransfer Switches—Most generator manufacturersoffer a wide variety of these transfer switches. Abraham Solar is expert atthese. Also available from generator distributors like these: http://www.northerntool.comand http://www.electricgeneratorsdirect.com
Harco SilencingMufflers—Three levels: Extreme, Critical andSuper Critical (attenuates down to nearly silent). They also have similarlevels in a “low profile” unit for small, tight locations but
K-TOR Pocket Socket—
EtonBoost Turbine—Hand-crank generator with integrated battery for chargingelectronics via USB cable. Available from online distributors and http://www.universal-radio.com
Solar rechargeablebatteries—Are another option for small flashlights, etc. ($150 and up).
CONLEY'S MFG.—Commercial greenhousemanufacturer. Will send components to you as well as
NATIONAL GREENHOUSE—A division of NexusCorporation. Nexus is a commercial greenhouse manufacturer who hascreated the National Greenhouse division to focus specifically on low-costresidential greenhouse solutions. 10983 Leroy Drive Northglenn, CO 80233 Tel:(303) 457-9199 URL: www.nationalgreenhouse.com/
PLASTIC COVERS—Cheapest way to enclose a greenhouse is with6mil polyethylene greenhouse film. Look for that manufactured in North Americasuch as by AT Plastics. Available at greenhouse supply warehouses such as http://www.greenhousemegastore.com
ALLIED TUBE & CONDUIT—Aluminum square tubing, roundtubing etc. See also warehouse supplies available at steel/metal distributorsin all major cities. 16100 S. Lathrop Ave. Harvey, IL 60426 Tel: (800) 882-5543URL: www.alliedsteel.com/
See also listings under "Solar: Greenhouse VentOpeners"
Kerosene Lamp—RapidKerosene Pressure Lamp uses hand-pressurized fuel and a mantle to generate 500lumens (300 watt light bulb). Burns 10 hours from one-thirdgallon kerosene (one filling). About $100. Getextra mantles and parts when ordering. URL: http://www.stpaulmercantile.com
PETROMAX—Multi-Fuel Lantern $120 fromHomestead Supply. This German beauty is the Cadillac of lanterns. Burnsall liquid fuels, nickel finish, very classy. Puts outtremendous light. See: www.petromax.com
Dietz Wick-Oil Lamp—
Humphrey PropaneLamps—The oldest and best companyhttp://www.humphreygasproducts.com and from Lehman’s (see above).
Note: GE brandcompact fluorescents run better off an inverter than other brands.
Sunpipes—Skylights.1,500 watts of free, fresh light as easy to install as astovepipe. Hollow, super-reflective pipe runs from your roof down to atranslucent ceiling fixture that spreads the light down. Lessexpensive and easier to install than typical skylights. Doesn’t build upunwanted summer heat, create condensation, allow sun-fading or leak.
Lite Touch—Oneof the premier computer/iPad-controlled lightingsystems (now owned by Savant). Great for activating lightsand shutter systems remotely—or anything electrical. There are dozens ofother less expensive automation controls out there, too numerous to list. Tel:(801) 268-8668. URL: http://www.litetouch.com
LOG HOMES—See “Construction: Log Homes”
MODULAR HOMES—See “Construction: Modular Homes”
Waber Power Strips—
Zero Surge —
APCby Schneider—Whole house and powerstriparrestors. 1 nanosecond response time.Available through online retailers such as Allied Electronics,http://www.alliedelec.com
Alpha DeltaCommunications—Coax lightning arrestors, coax switches with surgeprotectors. P.O. Box 620, Manchester, KY 40962. Tel: (606) 598-2029. URL:http://www.alphadeltacom.com
Ameritron -Remote coax switches, inrush AC current protector. Louisville Road Starkville,MS 39759 Tel. (601) 323-8211 URL: http://www.ameritron.com/
I.C.E.—Industrial Communication Engineers.In-line lightning arrestors suitable for EMP. Designed forantenna and coax leads. P.O. Box 18495, Indianapolis, IN 46218 Tel:(317) 545-5412. URL: http://www.iceradioproducts.com
Transtector—Topof the line military grade EMP protection equipment that can provide shuntprotection for incoming power lines. Prime source forall US government, so their equipment is very capable. Boise, ID. Tel:(877) 532-9423. URL: http://www.protectiongroup.com/Transtector
Grounding Straps—TheWireman stocks copper wire up to #4 AWG, 2-inch flat copper strap, 8-footcopper-clad ground rod and 1”x1/4” bus bar. CertifiedQuality. 261 Pittman Rd., Landrum, SC 29356. Tel.(800) 727-9473. URL: http://thewireman.com
Victoreen 717—Surplussurvey meters. Range 0-500 rems/hr (highest rangeavailable), comes with detachable ion chamber so you don’t have to buy aseparate probe to take measurements outside the shelter. Usesone D-Cell battery. Simple, low tech, reliable.These are not in production anymore but can be bought unused in new condition.Most have not been calibrated since their original production, but they areusually only off by 10-20% at the most, which is not critical for the high dosemeasurements you would make in a nuclear war. KI4U website: URL:http://www.radmeters4u.com/
Calibration Note—Meters can be recalibrated if necessary bysending them to KI4U.com or contact Ed Manughian atJordan Nuclear, 3244 Arroyo Seco Ave, L.A. CA 90065.Call for rates: (323) 222-8141.
Nukalert NukAlert ER is the newest and best multi-range meter. It is a dosimeter, Geiger counter, and fallout meter and dosimeter all in one. $750. They also have a Smallkeychain unit chirps in the presence of radiation. We like the prices and easeof use of the distributor in CA. URL: http://www.calquakeinlandempire.com but you can also order through KI4U.com or https://apogeepreparedness.com/personal-radiation-detectors/35/nukalert-extended-range-er-radiation-detector-detail
Dosimeter Corporation—Producestop of the line quality radiation meters. Recommend model 3009a with range of0-100 rems/hr. http://www.dosimeter.com
Kelly Fallout Meter (KFM)—Thiskit meter is available for under $20 from Emergency Essentials(www.beprepared.com) or the plans are free from KI4U (www.ki4u.com).
Potassium Iodide orIodate tablets—Take after any nuclear incidentto saturate the body with stable iodine and avoid thyroid contamination byuptake of radioactive iodine. Available from most preparedness stores and fromwww.KI4U.com
Simple Gray WaterSystems—Ideas for building one from common plumbing materials can beseen here: http://www.omick.net/graywater/graywater.htm
Natural Home BuildingSource—Sells a tank with a filter and optionssuch as a pump. Their website has many common-sense recommendations about graywater use. 0186 County Road 1400, Silverthorne, CO 80498.URL: https://www.thenaturalhome.com/greywater.html
Biolet—Mini-compostingtoilet. Finally a composter about the size of aregular toilet. Look for the BTS 33 for a non-electric model. Tel: (800)524-6538. URL: www.biolet.com
SunFrost—“Human Hummus Machine.” One of the mosteconomical composting toilets around. Purchase these kits for convertingtwo 55 gallon drums—one for use and the other to store material as it composts.Low watt fan requires DC or AC. P.O. Box 1101, Arcata, CA 95518 Tel: (707)822-9095 URL: http://www.sunfrost.com/composting_toilets.html
Clivus Multrum—Specialtoilets as part of a large tank system. Will compostcontinuous use for multiple people and also kitchen waste. Large tanksystem must be sited in a basement area. www.clivusmultrum.com
Sun-Mar—Lookfor self-contained units that are moderately sized for placement in bathroom.Non-electric, AC or DC and automatic controls depending on unit.
ChemicalToilets—($20-50) available at camping and RV stores.
Porta-John Systems—DryFlush Toilet. 50633 Ryan Road, Utica, Michigan 48317. Tel: (888) 767-8256.
BiodegradableDetergents—Required if you reuse gray water soas not to damage plants. Look for “camp soap” products or natural products fromwebsites such as: http://www.gaiam.com
Grundfos—Variablespeed 3 inch submersible pump. URL: www.us.grundfos.com shows distributors.
PEX—Flexible plastic piping. Thereis no better plumbing system for the do-it-yourself plumber than flexibleplastic pipe systems. Easy to install and freeze resistant since it will expandrather than split or break. There are a variety of clamping ring connectors orslip-on, non-clamping connectors on the market. Available atall plumbing supply stores.
AmateurElectronic Supply (AES)—Largest mail-order supplier of ham radios andantennas. 5710 W. Good Hope Rd, Milwaukee, WI 53223. Tel: (800)558-0411. URL: http://www.aesham.com
HamRadio Outlet—Major competitor to AES, with more stores around thecountry. 390 Diablo Rd., Suite 210, Danville, CA94526. Tel (Corporate Sales): (800) 444-4799. URL:http://www.hamradio.com
UniversalRadios—Old standard in radio sales. 6830 Americana Parkway,Reynoldsburg, OH 43068 Tel: (800) 431-3939. URL: http://www.universal-radio.com
RadioShack—Nationwide electronics parts, radios, telephones and securitysystems. Scanners and CB radios but no ham radio equipment. Tel: (800)843-7422. URL: http://www.radioshack.com
High FrequencyTransceivers—Ham radios that transmit and receive in a compact andportable design. Requires a ham radio license which is nothard to get. The four major manufacturers of ham radios are
Desktop Ham Radios—
Handheld PortableUHF, VHF Radios—Portable base station units. Lots ofoptions depending on the model including units capable of dual band and actingas a repeater. Keep it simple for beginners. Folks at HRO are veryfriendly and helpful.
Rohn Towers—Mostlyradio towers but also copper strap and tower grounding products.
Car Mount Antenna—There are severalwhip-type antennas available, including some with magnetic mounts for the cartop. Store in trunk when not in use.
Base Station Antenna—
CBAntennas—Flexible antennas of various lengths. See Radio Shackcatalog.
SWL Antenna—Shortwave antenna for your world band portable. Available from HamRadio Outlet.
Cell Phone AntennaBooster—Cellular phone signal boosters.
UnidenHomePatrol—A very popular and capable preprogrammed unit that alsoreceives digital trunked systems ($500).
Desktopunits—Consider Uniden Bearcat models andcomparable GRE or Radio Shack units.
Antennas for Scanners—Homebase station: Diamond D130J. Car-mount: SpectrumforceWideband ($20) or Austin Spectra ($120) for tuned 4-band. Availablefrom most radio shops.
Family Radio Service (FRS)—Nolicense required, 1-2 mile, 0.5 watt powered. These are the cheapestalternatives to ham radio for short distance communication. Like a
CB radios—40Channels, no license required. 4 watts maximum power, though many transmit athigher powers illegally. Most CB radios cost less than $100. Available at allradio stores including Radio Shack.
Shortwave Radio—Receivenews and stations from all over the world. Critical in anemergency. Common bands include AM, FM, Aircraft Band (118-137 MHz) andShortwave (1.6-30 MHz). Some units will even receive some Ham Radiotransmissions.
Sony ICF-SW7600G—Bestbuy of the medium-sized, fully capable receivers ($300).
ETON (Grundig)Satellite 750—Excellent desktop unit for serious shortwave reception.
Non-hybrid, non-GMOseeds—Sealed in moisture-proof packets and stored in #10 cans.
Territorial SeedCompany—P.O. Box 27, Lorane, OR 97451. Tel:541-942-9547. URL: http://www.territorialseed.com/
Harris Seeds—Tel:(800) 514-4441. URL: www.harrisseeds.com
Jankala Organic Seed—http://organicseed.com
Pre-packaged “SeedVaults”—Available through preparedness wholesalers like EmergencyEssentials and Alpine Food Storage (http://www.alpinefoodstorage.com).
NOTE—We prefer the technology thatuses hydraulic actuators instead of gear motors for strength and longevity.
STANLEY—Full range of residential and commercial gates andopening types (available nationwide) call 1-800-STANLEY for distributor info.
MIGHTY-MULE—DC and solar power gate opener systems.
Amweld series 1544—Bulletresistant to Level III (high powered handguns) about $1,500 including highsecurity locks. Available through architectural door suppliers such ashttp://absupply.net and http://blackmountaindoor.com
Trussbilt—LevelIII and level IV (good for up to 7.62 high velocity military round) ballisticprotection available. Trussbilt’s detentionhollow metal products are used in prisons, jails, juvenile facilities anddetention centers worldwide. URL: http://www.trussbilt.com
ESCO Supply Co.—
STEELCRAFT – Steel security doors. This company makes heavygauge production doors including 14 gauge steel thickness for both doors andframes which are bullet-resistant to some small .22 or 25 caliber arms. See
Total Door—“SecureSentry” is a hurricane rated door. 6145 DelfieldDrive, Waterford, MI 48329. Tel: (800) 852-6660. URL: http://www.totaldoor.com
SPECIALTY METAL HATCH DOORS—Thebiggest and best company to supply all types of specialty hatch doors (roof,floor and wall hatches) is Bilco door.
ALPINE ARMORING INC.—Armored SUVs, sedansand trucks. 503 Carlisle Drive, Herndon, Virginia 20170 Tel: (703)471-0002 or (800) 992-7667. URL: http://www.alpineco.com/armored/vehicles.htm
BULLDOG DIRECT—Kevlar fiber buildingpanels for protecting walls. A do-it-yourself source.Also sells armored vehicle kits for level IIIA hand gun protection from: 9 mm,.357 mag., .44 mag., and higher. Each armor kit comes with installation instructions.P.O. Box 8561, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.A., 45208-8561 Tel: (513) 281-6700 URL:www.bulldogdirect.com.
KevlarReinforcing—4x8 Kevlar and fiber-reinforced panels for homeinstallation. Use webbing to create an earthquake or tornado-proof roomor closet in the home. Nail special Kevlar webbing crosswise (X-pattern) aroundhome or walls to make powerfully rigid shear walls. Also binds home down tofoundation. Tape is 3” wide in 100 foot rolls and about the thickness of anickel. Very strong stuff. URL:http://www.allwebbing.com
BULLETPROOFME.COM—(Nick Taylor) Brand-namebullet proof vests and body armor accessories at discounted prices. Veryreliable source you can trust. URL: http://www.BulletProofME.com
LibertySafe Co.—Strongest vault doors available for self-installation ($6,000).Springville, UT. Tel: (801) 489 8550. URL: http://www.libertysafe.com
Fort Knox Co.—
Homeland SecuritySafe—For cheaper, less-beefy alternatives ($2,000) for a vault door getthe “Economy” or “Elite” vault doors from this manufacturer.http://www.homelandsafes.com
AMSEC—Lightweight vault door. ModelVD8030 ($4,500). Rough-in opening: 77-1/2” H x 26-1/2”W Weight: 550 lbs.American Security Products Co. 11925 Pacific Avenue Fontana, CA 92337. Tel:(800) 421-6142. URL: http://www.amsecusa.com
ElectricDoor Strikes—Von Duprin Company, Strike Forceelectric latches. URL: http://www.vonduprin.com/prod_strikeforce.asp
Bronze Pivot Bearings—
DoorClub—Simple reinforcement for the bottom of the door.
Assa6000—Pick-proof, double-keyed, drill resistant dead bolt (at locksmithsnationwide).
Liberty Safe Co.—Buildsmany safes including gun safes and vault doors for home installation (alsobuilds National and Remington brand safes). See contact info above.
Fort Knox Safe Co.—Gunsafes and vault doors. Owned by Liberty Safe. Seeabove.
FloorSafes—Hayman Safes (www.haymansafe.com), AdescoFloor Safes (www.adesco.com), Value Safes (www.valuesafes.com).
ALL SEASON ROLLING SHUTTERS—Thesepeople have the best product on the market now. URL:http://www.allseasonshutters.com/
Roll-A-Way—Fullline of hurricane shutters, including rolling or accordion shutters inAluminum, PVC, or clear Lexan. 1661
Rolsafe—Hurricaneprotection. 12801 Commonwealth Dr. Suite 7, Fort Myers, FL 33913. Tel:(239) 694-5400. URL: http://www.rolsafe.com
Rolladen—Topof the line, most expensive system, aluminum, PVC rolling shutters.
GE SECURITY SYSTEMS—Self-install systems available with wirelessor hardwired connections. URL: http://www.safemart.com
HONEYWELL—Used to be APEX (hardwired) Advantage has thelatest in voice prompting technology (voice tells you where intrusion is). Italso has numerous control features included which allow you to control lightsand equipment automatically. URL: http://homesecurity.honeywell.com/
ADT PRO—Custom hardwired or wireless systems. ADT is thelargest national chain of alarm systems. The ProCustomsystem has most of the features that the Honeywell/Apex system has, includingvoice annunciation and being able to check the whole house from any masterkeypad. Tel: (800) 238-3009. URL: www.adt.com. Check out the entire listing anddescription of all the different types of security devices you can order.
SECURITY BASE—This website has manysecurity components from security cameras to
INTERCOMS with Cameras – Nutone,inc. Get their top of the line unit, with remotelisten in, plus up to 10 cameras. http://www.nutone.com/
VEHICLE ALARM SYSTEM - Mobile AlertVehicle Security System from Radio Shack. Also consider Optima II(monitors vehicle electric system for any turn on, or motion) from a variety of online sources. For example: http://www.guarddog.net
HIDDEN VIDEO CAMERAS - Security Base (see above) has thewidest selection of covert video cameras.
VIDEO MOTION DETECTION—There are many options for securitysystem monitoring via cameras, including DVR recording linked to multiplecameras including with night vision options. See Radio Shack,Costco.com and Amazon.com.
MICROWAVE FENCE AND PERIMETER DETECTION—Southwest Microwave’sIntrepid system uses coax cable and sensors to detectany vibration (3 yards accuracy) on fence from climbing. Their
SURVEILLANCE AND ANTI-SURVELLANCE EQUIPMENT—
DRIVEWAY MONITORS - DWA-3 Suitable for burying besidedriveway - so you won't have to dig up asphalt or concrete drive. ($200) URL:www.drivewayalarms.com
STRESS FLOOR DETECTORS—Stress sensors detect walking onflooring, roofs, decks or on boats for marine security by Sure Action. URL:www.sureaction.com
GPS VEHICLE LOCATORS - To protect againstauto theft or carjacking and kidnapping in your own vehicle. Smalltransmitter is hidden in vehicle which allows a GPS signal to alert a NorthAmerican tracking company of the vehicle location.
AERTRAX VEHICLE LOCATOR—Address: AerComTecInternational, 1359 Silver Bluff Rd., Suite G-5, Aiken, South Carolina 29803Tel: (803) 649-2900. Available from many sites online: Sample:http://www.spysupplystore.com/aertrax.html
ROOM FOGGER—Smoke Cloak fogs the room in seconds with adense, non-toxic glycerin-based fog that dissipates with no residue. This is anexcellent passive defense against mobs or vandals entering the home.
Oldcastle Precast—Custompre-cast waterproof concrete tanks. These can be modified and even combined tomake economical sealed, drop-in-the-ground shelter systems. They have localmanufacturers in several states. Oldcastle Products, 2820 AStreet, SE Auburn, WA 98071. Tel: (253) 833-2777 or (888) 232-6274. URL:www.oldcastleprecast.com
Culvert Pipes—8foot diameter steel culvert pipes can be used for an economical undergroundfallout shelter. Bury at least 5 feet underground. About $10kfor the basic structure.
Utah Shelter Systems—Galvanizedmetal pipe system buried deep. Comprehensive shelter units, built to suit. Usesthe Swiss Andair (LUWA) NBC filters (See notes onthis under Air Filtration). P.O. Box 638,-Heber,
Storm Chaser Shelters—Smallshelters for storms. 1200 Lawson Road, Fort Worth, TX 76131 Tel: (817)847-9000. URL: http://www.stormandtornado.com
HomelandCivil Defense—Civil Defense and nuclear preparation info includingdo-it-yourself plans for tank type shelters. 2251 DickGeorge Road, Cave Junction, Oregon 97523. Tel: (541) 592-4142. URL:http://homelandcivildefense.org
Safecastle—Lotsof options with these shelters. Fairly expensive. URL:http://www.safecastle.com
Survival Center—Submarine-styleburied tanks. Note: the air filter should be outside the shelter.http://www.survivalcenter.com/UG.html
American Bomb Shelter—Do-it-yourselfkit or individual parts. URL: http://www.americanbombshelter.com
Radius—Pre-manufacturedand installed shelters. Sleek but expensive. URL:http://www.bomb-shelter.net/individual_shelter_systems.php
Abraham Solar—MickAbraham really knows all things alternate energy, from solar and hydro tobatteries and inverters. He is our best consultant on these topics. Mick isparticularly helpful if you are doing anything yourself. He is a friendlyconsultant, a dealer for finding the best price on equipment and an expert atpartially or completely assembling components for easy install. Address: 124
Do-It-Yourself EnergySystems—Gary Reysa maintains a great websiteresource for alternate energy enthusiasts. Nothing sold on this site justhelpful tips and lists of sources and materials. URL:http://www.builditsolar.com
Solar Panel Brands—Solarpanels are cheaper than ever partly due to Chinese companies producing cheappanels that are fast approaching top tier in reliability. We would still ratherbuy from non-communist countries but that line has become muddied as moreproduct lines have some parts from China. An important factor in choosingpanels is often space—available square footage facing the sun. Sanyo panelshave some of the best watt per sq. foot units. Abraham Solar is very good atfinding the most cost-effective type and number of panels for your needs (see“Solar Resources and Gurus” above).
Suntech and CanadianSolar—The cheapest (watt per dollar) and areboth Chinese brands.
Sharp and Kyocera —
Sanyo (Panasonic)—Panelsare compact to give you more watts/sq. ft. but are also expensive. Theircost/watt is almost double that of Suntech.
Linear CurrentBooster (LCB)—Regulates the power between solar panels and pumps or DCmotors to keep systems (like motors or pumps) running off panels gettingconsistent power during intermittent clouds or sun angles. Many units havevariable voltage converters to draw the most power from the solar array (byvarying the voltage/amperage ratio).
Solar Converters Inc.—
Dankoff LCB—Input12/24/36 volt DC, 12/24 volt output. About $350.Available from many distributors including: http://www.altestore.com,http://www.pvsolarpumps.com
Notes—Basiccontrol assemblies are mass produced by Outback, Xantrex,Apollo, Magnum or Midnite. Almost all of these needsome customization or modification such as addition of a circuit for the chargecontroller. The modifications can be done on site or by a shop such as AbrahamSolar.
Sine Wave Inverters—ProduceAC power from DC with a nearly perfect sine-wave output (as opposed to thecheaper square wave inverters), similar to utility-supplied power and thuscompatible with most AC electronic devices. Solid state inverters (more commonnow) means the sine wave conversion is accomplished electronically without movingparts.
Xantrex—Inverters,chargers and charge controllers. Considered by many to be “top of theLine” but energy guru Mick Abraham says they have now become too complex. So,now he also sells Victron units (see below). Mostsolar dealers sell Xantrex including Abraham Solar.
Magnum—Inverters,chargers and interconnect panels. 2211 W. Casino Road, Everett, WA 98204. Tel:(425) 353-8833. URL: http://www.magnumenergy.com
VictronEnergy—Inverters, chargers, panels, batteries and more.
MidNite—MPPTcharge controllers rated up to 96 amps and many other solar and battery controlproducts. MidNite systems have an impressive array ofoptions but they are also more expensive than most of the competition. Manysolar distributors sell these units. 17722 67th Ave NE, Arlington, WA 98223.Tel: (360) 403-7207 URL: http://www.midnitesolar.com
Xantrex—Goodquality charge controllers (3-phase and MPPT), inverters and control panels.
Outback—Chargecontrollers (3-phase and MPPT) available mounted to a power center fromOutback. Prices similar to MidNitewithout as many features. URL: http://www.outbackpower.com
Morningstar—forsmaller solar arrays (150 to 200 Watts) use SS-20L (20 amp) charge controllerto inexpensively ($75) maintain small solar setups with a battery (or two).URL: http://www.morningstarcorp.com Available at many solar wholesalers suchas: http://www.wholesalesolar.com
Blue Sky Energy, Inc.—SolarBoost 3024iL can compete with the big Xantrex and
Notes—Energyguru Mick Abraham says beware of the complexity with arrestors, there are manyissues to consider here. Each system seems to have its weaknesses.
ProgressivTube—ByTCT Solar. Insulated units with glass-covered coppertubes. 101 Copeland Street, Jacksonville FL 32204. Tel: (904) 358-3720URL: http://www.tctsolar.com Available from many distributors including:http://www.solardirect.com/swh/pt/pt.htm or Abraham Solar.
Solahart—Self-containedstorage tank, optional enclosed system for cold climates, easy to install. USoffices (partners with Rheem) RheemManufacturing Company, 101 Bell Road, Montgomery AL 36117 Tel:
Cirrex by A. O. Smith—Completesystem for a moderate price (approx $1,700). Lots of dealers listed on theirwebsite. 500 Tennessee Waltz Parkway, Ashland City, TN 37015.Tel: (800) 527-1953 URL: http://www.aosmith.com and http://www.hotwater.com
Skylineby SolarRoofs.com—Simple, complete systems. Skyline5 closed loopsystem (cold climates) starts at $4,500. Skyline3 open loop systems (temperateclimates) start at $3000. 5840 Gibbons Dr. Suite H, Carmichael, CA 95608 Tel:(888) 801-9060 or (916) 481-7200.
Sol*Saver—Solarwater pasteurizer by Safe Water Systems who also makes a wood burning waterpurifier. 1600 Kapiolani Blvd., Suite 721 Honolulu,HI 96814 Tel: (808) 949-3123. URL: www.safewatersystems.com
Solar Vent Openers—
BaylessMk-7 or XL—Made in the UK. Lifts up to 14 lbs.You can buy directly from them online or through greenhouse suppliers. URL:http://www.baylissautovents.co.uk
Soundproofingmaterials—This seller has glue that can be laiddown between two layers of sheetrock for good sound attenuation. URL:http://www.soundproofingcompany.com/
A plastic layer laminated between two panes of glassprovides excellent soundproofing and reinforces the glass. They are sold here:http://www.soundproofwindows.com
Insul-Tek—Aself-adhesive, automotive-type soundproofing with O.E.M. Sound Deadener.This is a very compact, effective material. Call Juliano’sto order. Orders: (800) 300-1932. Technical Assistance: (860) 872-1932. URL:http://www.julianos.com/insultek.html
Sonex foam—Sounddamping finger foam, ideal for shooting ranges. Fairly expensive at $5 per sq.ft. Acoustical Solutions Inc, 2420 Grenoble Road, Richmond, VA 23294. Tel:(612) 521-3555. URL: http://www.sonexfoam.com
RockwoolInsulation—Better sound absorbing qualities than fiberglass.
FormDeck—Comes36 inches wide in a variety of lengths. 49 Cardiff St. Johnstown, PA 15907.Tel: (814) 536-8731. URL: http://www.structuresofusa.com
Metal Deck Supply—Tel:(800) 894-7741. URL: http://www.metaldecksupply.com
STRUCTURAL INSULATED PANELS—See “Construction: StructuralInsulated Panels.”
REGENCY/HAMPTON WOOD STOVES—Reliable andcheap dual-burn steel stoves with decent efficiency ratings. The convectionheating of air gaps around this stove make the blower option particularlyeffective. The large F3100 model (80,000 BTU) can easily heat over 2000 squarefeet. Cost is about $2000. Regency/Hampton products are sold at most localshops. Specific dealers can be found on their website. URL: http://www.regency-fire.com
WOODSTOCK SOAPSTONE STOVES—Radiant heat stoves are moreexpensive but very efficient. Dual burn and catalytic burn systems combinedwith unique air distribution results in up to 81% efficiency. The large “ProgressHybrid” stove is rated for 80,000 BTUs and goes for $3200. 66Airpark Road, West Lebanon, NH 03784. Tel: (
GAS FIREPLACES—Look for “heater rated” units rather thanjust decorative gas fireplaces. Heater rated gas fireplaces can be moreefficient than a gas furnace (although they won’t move the heat to other roomsof the house as well). Get the firebox and flue that is built for wood burningso in a crisis you have the option of converting to wood heat (by remove thefake logs and gas pipe).
ROCKET MASS STOVES—Build your own veryefficient stove that uses inexpensive materials and burns one-tenth the wood oftypical fireplaces. Information and plans are passed around freely on forums suchas www.permies.com but the most information and details are in the book
Kerosun DC 100—Mostfuel efficient Kerosene heater and with the cleanest burn. Nolonger imported but available second-hand. MSI Wicks sells wicks andparts and has a few of these and other stoves. A wick should last a few seasonsdepending on Kerosene quality. Stock up on a few extras. Tel: (765) 584-2041 or(888) 537-6786. URL: http://www.msiwix.com
Blueflameby ProCom—One of the last ventless heaters onthe US market. Fortunately it comes as a dual fuel unit. Also look forthe infrared units which are still available at some sellers.
Propane Camp Stove—
KeroseneStoves—Useful so you don’t have to store multiple kinds of fuel.Many don’t burn as hot as propane but reliable. Buy extra wicks when orderingthese. More information and sold by Miles Stair (http://www.milesstair.com) andfrom St. Paul Mercantile (http://www.stpaulmercantile.com).
Alpaca—Greatstove if you need something stronger and simpler than a backpacking stove. Verysturdy and will take as large a pot as you care to put on it (about $79).
STUCCO—See “Construction: Stucco Systems.”
CONVERGENCE TECH, INC.—Plans to Convert a Mountain Bike: $29from Bill Gerosa, 12-6 FoxwoodDrive, Pleasantville, NY 10570 Tel: 914-773-6749 URL: www.econvergence.net
ZAP POWER SYSTEM—Add-on package to motorize a mountain bike.Can still pedal with this system. ZAPSX Rear Range 15 miles with SX and 8 miles with DX. Has regenerativecharging of battery while going downhill and pedaling. "ElectricCruiser" and mountain bike model can be purchased with the electricpackage. URL: http://www.zapworld.com
CHARGER BICYCLES—Electric bike designed from ground up withthe latest innovative technology - multi option pedal assist system, dualchain, 20 mile range. http://www.electric-bikes.com/charger.htm
US PRO DRIVE—Here's a direct-driveadaptive system with a variable speed controller. The direct drive systemmounts on the rear hub of most 26" bicycles and weighs 6 lbs. The batteryshell locks. Most people change out the awkward thumb throttle to a twist griptype. Van Nuys, CA 91406 Tel: (818) 947-0366. URL:http://etxcur.accpaconline.com/izipbikepage.html
EV RIDER, INC.—Mostly electric powered wheeled carts, butalso have a folding electric bike. 060 Commerce Boulevard, North, Sarasota,Florida 34243 Tel: (888) 743-3738 URL: http://www.evrider.com
ELECTROBIKE, INC.—Complete bike with 20 mile range:http://www.electrobike.com/html/pro_jazz.html
ELECTRO AUTOMOTIVE—This is the mosteconomical way to get an electric vehicle. Convert a pickup or van to electricuse with batteries and solar panels. Great when gas becomes unavailable, butmaximum range is typically 40 miles. The most experienced one stop shop for allnecessary items is in California: P.O. Box 1113, Felton CA 95018. URL:www.electroauto.com
UNDERGROUND HOMES—See “Construction: Underground Homes.”
Pureflow2000—will remove bacteria, Giardia, Cryptosporidium,chlorine, chlorine byproducts, volatile organic compounds (VOCs),
Big Blue 20INCH—Generic whole house water filter for a good price. UV sterilization ispossible. Available from many sources including Amazon.com.
Aerobic KO7—Oxygenbased water purifier with potassium base. Only buy the potassium based liquidwith the “K” in the title. (Aerobic O7 is chlorine based). Approximately$16 from local and online health food stores.
Lifestraw—Portablewater filter that filters pathogenic bacteria,particulates. About $20 each. Available fromhttp://eartheasy.com/lifestraw
PUR/Katadyn—Solarand manual desalinators. Manual units aresurvivor 06 ($1,000) and Survivor 35 ($2,200). PowerSurvivorunits are 40E, 80E and 160E ($3,600 to $5,200) and are all 12 volt operated.URL: http://www.katadyn.com and through outdoor recreation wholesalers
SeaRecovery—Marine desalinators for boats.Consider the Crystal Sea 12, 24 or 110 volt models. P.O. Box 5288, Carson, CA90745. Tel: (800) 354-2000 or (310) 637-3400. URL: www.searecovery.com
BlueSpring—Large solar desalinator units.
For solar water heater section see “Solar: Water Heater”
THERMA-COIL—This U-shaped stainless steel pipe can beinstalled inside the firebox of almost any woodstove to heat water whenever thestove is lit ($130). Be sure to follow the instructions so there is a pressurerelief valve in the system. 399 E. 7th Street, Chico, CA 95928. Tel:530-743-0900. URL: http://www.therma-coil.com
HILKOIL—More U-shaped pipe coils to install in the fireboxof your stove. This brand is slightly more expensive but has more sizes andoptions. Note: more coil length is not always better. Since these coils areright in the firebox they can cool the fire and make it smoke or burn lessefficiently. Manufactured by Thermo-Bilt.375 Altamont Avenue, Schenectady, New York 12303. Tel: (800) 807-7041. URL: http://www.hilkoil.com
Water Barrels—New55 gallon polyethylene http://www.beprepared.com
Kolaps A Tank—Bladdertype, collapsible tank that is useful for hauling water in a pickup, and fortemporary storage. It will even act as a giant solar water heater.http://www.burchkolaps-a-tank.com
GENERAL Notes—Waterproofingcan be a difficult task in underground situations. Many of the best productsare applied on the outside of the foundation and are often only sold atcontractor outlets. We still list some of those here. Your local homeimprovement store will also likely have several products not listed here.
CONCRETE ADMIXTURES—Concrete additives that react with waterto make the concrete impervious—even fills in small cracks. Some products canbe painted on afterwards to soak in. Check with your concrete supplier for thebest product. Xypex is common:
Tremproof201/60—Ideal for waterproofing foundation walls. By
Bituthene—Heavy-dutywaterproof membranes that can literally surround the outside of a basement(even under slabs and footings) to make it waterproof in a high water tablearea. Bituthene
For underground roofs—Apply30 or 45 mil EPDM rubber pond liner material over polyurethane foam sprayed oninsulation. Pond liners widely available at rural farmstores.
Watertite TPM—Coldapplied, two-part liquid rubber for exterior application of foundation walls orrooftops. URL: http://pennkote.com
Bluemax—Rollon rubber coating. Best if applied to exterior or surface in contact with water(not inside of basement). URL: http://www.amesresearch.com/bluemax.htm
Vulkem #350/351—Pedestrian Deck Coating System.
Polyurethane deck coatings
SOUTHWEST WINDPOWER—AIR 403 is the best small
WHISPER CORP.—Excellent units from 600 watts to 4500 watts -cost all below $2.00 a watt. Widely available online including at:http://www.etaengineering.com/page49.html
AERMOTOR EQUIPMENT AND PARTS—Dean Bennett Supply keeps theseand Fiasa windmills running. Toll Free: (800)621-4291. http://www.deanbennett.com/
AMERICAN WINDMILLS—New, used and refurbished windmills andplans for towers. Tel: (530) 644-3008. URL: http://www.windmills.net/
AERMOTOR WINDMILLS—New units and parts.P.O. Box 5110, San Angelo, TX 76902 Tel: (800) 854-1656 URL:http://www.aermotorwindmill.com/
AIRLIFT WINDMILLS—New windmilllifts water as much as 315' using pumped air bubbles. No moving partsunderground. Installs without a crane. 1540 Barton Rd#263, Redlands, CA 92373. Tel: (909) 446-1780 URL: http://www.airliftech.com/
UNILUX WINDOWS—Top quality and super-efficient triple paneEuropean style "tilt and turn" windows. Comes with a top price, about$100 per sq. ft. Few other windows feel as solid orperform as well. Also comes with a safety package: 4 bolt locking and"highly tear-proof" safety glass. Website is in German (click on
CANADIAN WINDOWS—Ultra-efficient with good solar gain (forheating in winter). Prices are "only" $40 to $50 psf. These are the mostcommon manufacturers: Accurate Dorwin(http://www.accuratedorwin.com), Duxton(http://www.duxtonwindows.com), Fibertec(http://www.fibertec.com), Inline Fiberglass (http://www.inlinefiberglass.com)or Thermotech (http://www.thermotechfiberglass.com).
US WINDOWS MANUFACTURERS
GILA FILMS have a full range of energy saving films to applyto windows. Available at most home improvement/hardwarestores. Website: http://www.gilafilms.com
SHATTERGUARD—Unbreakable film backing tostandard glass. Can be applied to existing windows.Makes windows bullet-proof to small caliber (.22) weapons and makes windowsimpenetrable to intruders. www.shattergard.com. Youcan also use this on car side and rear windows to keep thieves from breakingin, which is highly recommend. URL: http://www.shatterguard.com
WINDOW QUILTS - Quilted insulating curtains for solarwindows. Rolling shutter type system that is easy to install. URL:http://www.1windowquilts.com/
SCAPEWELL—Premanufactured wellswith cast-in steps by The Bilco Company. The
WINDOW WELL SECURITY - The Improvement Network (
ROTO FRANK—German made, high strength skylights.
ANDERSEN WINDOWS—Makes a triplelaminate glass with polymer layers in between. These windows areintrusion-proof, and will not scratch like Shattergardfilm. This is the glass system they use on their high strength(hurricane-proof) skylites. You can order this glassin their regular window line as well. Cost is about 30% higher than standardglass/wood windows. Andersen Windows (available at window supplierseverywhere).